Supercharged Photosynthesis

Advanced genetic tools could help boost crop yields and feed billions of people. Geneticists introduced engineering rice plants to carry out photosynthesis in a more efficient way  – such as in corn. Rice and Wheat which together feed nearly 40 percent of the world, and is becoming difficult to maintain the rapidly growing food demand.

The supercharged process, called C4 photosynthesis, boosts plants’ growth by capturing carbon dioxide and concentrating it in specialized cells in the leaves. That allows the photosynthetic process to operate much more efficiently. It’s the reason corn and sugarcane grow so productively. If we can concentrate C4 in rice and wheat, it will boost their growth within a few weeks of planting. It is expected to increase the yield by 50 percent per hectare.

Although this topic is related to crops, but the research is done using advanced computing systems.

Nano Architecture

Nano particles can be used to create very strong substances that do not weight much. These are also known to be flexible. The technology can help in many applications. For examples planes made using substances from nano technology can be very light yet strong and will help them fly longer distances in the same amount of fuel. This will make air travel less expensive and also lesser environmental impact.

Computing can help us to visualize different structures using different materials. It can also help arrange different elements to understand the strength of these structures. Using a computer software, you can actually simulate different compounds.

nanostructures

Megascale Desalination Plant

Worldwide, some 700 million people don’t have access to enough clean water. In 10 years the number is expected to explode to 1.8 billion. In many places, squeezing fresh water from the ocean might be the only viable way to increase the supply.

The new plant in Israel, called Sorek, produces 627,000 cubic meters of water daily, providing evidence that such large desalination facilities are practical.

The map below shows the high water stress areas in red. Most of these areas rely on groundwater and rain, but soon enough, they have Desalination plants like the one in Israel to have pure water from the sea.

This technology is also using advanced computers to desalinate the water all the way up to the final packing of the shipments of pure water.

Helium Balloons- Providing better cell signal

About 4.3 billion people live in rural places where telecommunications companies haven’t found it worthwhile to build cell towers or other infrastructure. Google says these balloons can deliver widespread economic and social benefits by bringing Internet access to the 60 percent of the world’s people who don’t have it. The balloons will move around and the position will be controlled by computers. The balloons will send some radio frequency signals on the exact altitude and the direction that they are moving.

inflated loon ballons

Car to Car Communication

By networking many cars together wirelessly, it will have a much bigger impact on road safety. For example, if a car is driving around a corner towards you, you will not be aware of this current situation until your car informs you about how fast the other car is approaching you.

The technology that warned of the impending collision will start appearing in cars in just a couple of years. Called car-to-car or vehicle-to-vehicle communication, it lets cars broadcast their position, speed, steering-wheel position, brake status, and other data to other vehicles within a few hundred meters. The other cars can use such information to build a detailed picture of what’s unfolding around them, revealing trouble that even the most careful and alert driver, or the best sensor system, would miss or fail to anticipate.